Monthly Archives: July 2014

Transfats

Transfats

Fats called trans fats that contain trans fatty acids. These fats of vegetable origin, which, by chemical reaction, the structure of the molecule. They are found in low-cost alternatives to butter, spreads (the so-called soft butter – a mixture of vegetable and dairy fat), margarines and confectionery fats.

Dietary fats

Dietary fats

Dietary fats are essential for functioning of the body, they are the most profitable energy supplier. One gram of fat are nine calories. Fats are included in the composition of cells – only in nerve cells of the shell are about 60 percent. Moreover, they help the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins and minerals in the intestine.

Metabolism of proteins, activation of exchange

Metabolism

The absorption of the protein the body needs a lot of energy. Proteins – molecular compounds consisting of several hundred amino acids. For learning and use of protein is needed, split it into short chain amino acid or amino acids themselves. This – a lengthy process.

Excess protein

Excess protein

If the amount of protein in the diet significantly exceed required to maintain nitrogen balance, it is of no harm. An excess of the amino acids in this case is simply used as an energy source. As an example, one can refer to the Inuit, who consume very little carbohydrates and about ten times more protein than required to maintain nitrogen balance.