Category Archives: Essential nutrients

Vitamins

Vitamins

Vitamins (lat. Vita life + amines) – low molecular weight organic compounds of different chemical nature, it is absolutely necessary for normal functioning of organisms. Are essential nutrients, because except nicotinic acid they are not synthesized by the human body and comes mainly composed food.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates in human body receives mainly from plant foods. One gram of carbohydrates there are four calories. Less than fat, but these substances are easily degraded in the body. Therefore, at their expense produced more than half of the required energy.

Transfats

Transfats

Fats called trans fats that contain trans fatty acids. These fats of vegetable origin, which, by chemical reaction, the structure of the molecule. They are found in low-cost alternatives to butter, spreads (the so-called soft butter – a mixture of vegetable and dairy fat), margarines and confectionery fats.

Dietary fats

Dietary fats

Dietary fats are essential for functioning of the body, they are the most profitable energy supplier. One gram of fat are nine calories. Fats are included in the composition of cells – only in nerve cells of the shell are about 60 percent. Moreover, they help the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins and minerals in the intestine.