Probiotics and prebiotics

Probiotics

In the gastrointestinal tract of humans is home to over 400 different microorganisms. They get there right after the birth of their host and begin to actively proliferate.

Grebiotiki and probiotikiBifidobakterii, lactobacilli and E. coli – beneficial microorganisms.

They are involved in the digestion of carbohydrates (particularly lactose – lactose) and protein foods contribute to the absorption of trace elements and vitamins. They also inhibit the activity of harmful pathogens that are constantly ingested from the environment, and strengthen the immune system.

In the intestine, the adult lives up to one and a half kilograms of various microorganisms. To support their lives consumed about 20 percent of the food coming into the body.

If a person is taking antibiotics for a long time or hormonal drugs, drink alcohol, experiencing stress or stick to a diet, the balance of good and bad bacteria in the body can be broken. The first die of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli. This condition is called dysbiosis.

The first signs of dysbiosis doctors call abdominal discomfort, bloating, flatulence and a violation of the chair. Reduced immunity, there is severe fatigue, allergic reactions, signs of vitamin deficiency (especially B vitamins).

In order to restore the intestinal flora or to maintain it in the normal state, apply probiotics and prebiotics.

Probiotics – live bifidobacteria and lactobacillus, yeast. These micro-organisms – are normal inhabitants of the intestines of healthy humans. More often than not they can be found in yogurt and other fermented milk products. Their content enough to maintain a normal number of beneficial bacteria, if not dysbiosis.

If intestinal microflora killed or severely damaged, apply special preparations, which included useful microorganisms in sufficient quantity to maintain the viability of the passage of the gastrointestinal tract and repopulate it.

Prebiotics – poorly digested food substrates that are used for feeding and growth of one or more groups of beneficial bacteria that live in the colon. These nutrients must not be destroyed by digestive enzymes in the stomach and small intestine, so they consist of complex carbohydrates – cellulose.

Prebiotics can be found in dairy products, cereals, garlic, onions, beans, peas, bananas.

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